Trust, staking, and expectations

Abstract
Trust is a kind of risky reliance on another person. Social scientists have offered two basic accounts of trust: predictive expectation accounts and staking (betting) accounts. Predictive expectation accounts identify trust with a judgment that performance is likely. Staking accounts identify trust with a judgment that reliance on the person’s performance is worthwhile. I argue (1) that these two views of trust are different, (2) that the staking account is preferable to the predictive expectation account on grounds of intuitive adequacy and coherence with plausible explanations of action; and (3) that there are counterexamples to both accounts. I then set forward an additional necessary condition on trust, according to which trust implies a moral expectation. The content of the moral expectation is this: W hen A trusts B to do x, A ascribes an obligation to B to do x, and holds B to this obligation. This moral expectation account throws new light on some of the consequences of misplaced trust. I use the example of physicians’ defensive behavior to illustrate this final point.
Keywords defensive medicine  moral expectation  rationality  prediction  interpersonal trust
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/j.1468-5914.2009.00407.x
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 24,965
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Freedom and Resentment.Peter F. Strawson - 1962 - Proceedings of the British Academy 48:1-25.
Trust and Antitrust.Annette Baier - 1986 - Ethics 96 (2):231-260.

View all 25 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Trust and Distrust Between Patient and Doctor.Katherine Hawley - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (5):798-801.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Responding to Trust.Matthew Harding - 2011 - Ratio Juris 24 (1):75-87.
Trust: Self-Interest and the Common Good.Marek Kohn - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
Promises and Trust.Daniel Friedrich & Nicholas Southwood - 2011 - In Hanoch Sheinman (ed.), Promises and Agreement: Philosophical Essays. Oxford University Press.
On the Attitude of Trust.Lars Hertzberg - 1988 - Inquiry 31 (3):307 – 322.
Deciding to Trust, Coming to Believe.Richard Holton - 1994 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (1):63 – 76.
Creating Trust.Robert C. Solomon - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (2):205-232.
Trust and Trustworthiness.Stephen Wright - 2010 - Philosophia 38 (3):615-627.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2009-01-28

Total downloads

17 ( #271,248 of 2,026,476 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

2 ( #296,737 of 2,026,476 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums