Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (3):245-264 (2006)

Authors
Philip J. Nickel
Eindhoven University of Technology
Abstract
This paper advances a new criterion of a vulnerable population in research. According to this criterion, there are consent-based and fairness-based reasons for calling a group vulnerable. The criterion is then applied to the case of people with serious illnesses. It is argued that people with serious illnesses meet this criterion for reasons related to consent. Seriously ill people have a susceptibility to “enticing offers” that hold out the prospect of removing or alleviating illness, and this susceptibility reduces their ability to safeguard their own interests. This explains the inclusion of people with serious illnesses in the Belmont Report’s list of populations needing special protections, and supports the claim that vulnerability is the rule, rather than the exception, in biomedical research
Keywords autonomy  Belmont Report  biomedical research ethics  consent  fairness  serious illness  vulnerable population
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DOI 10.1007/s11017-006-9000-2
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References found in this work BETA

Justice as Fairness: A Restatement.John Rawls (ed.) - 2001 - Harvard University Press.
The Morality of Freedom.Joseph Raz - 1986 - Oxford University Press.
Collected Papers.John Rawls - 1999 - Harvard University Press.
The Realm of Rights.Judith Jarvis Thomson - 1990 - Harvard University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Why Bioethics Needs a Concept of Vulnerability.Wendy Rogers, Catriona Mackenzie & Susan Dodds - 2012 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (2):11-38.
Rethinking the Belmont Report?Phoebe Friesen, Lisa Kearns, Barbara Redman & Arthur L. Caplan - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (7):15-21.

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