Xunzi and the confucian answer to titanism

Journal of Chinese Philosophy 22 (2):129-151 (1995)
The term "humanism" has been used to describe only one eastern philosophy: Confucianism. Commentators on Indian philosophy are sometimes emphatic in their judgment that Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism represent the very antithesis of western or Confucian humanism. Heinrich Zimmer is typical: "Humanity ... was the paramount concern of Greek idealism, as it is today of western Christianity in its modern form: but for the Indian sages and ascetics... humanity was no more than the shell to be pierced, shattered, and dismissed." [1] Zimmer goes on to say that the goal of the yogi was "superhuman," even "superdivine," and as such constituted what Zimmer calls the "heresy of Titanism."
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DOI 10.1111/j.1540-6253.1995.tb00474.x
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Hindu Titanism.Nicholas F. Gier - 1995 - Philosophy East and West 45 (1):73-96.
The Wandering Dance: Chuang Tzu and Zarathustra.Graham Parkes - 1983 - Philosophy East and West 33 (3):235-250.

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