Post-traumatic nightmares as a dysfunctional state

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):978-979 (2000)
That PTSD nightmares are highly realistic threat simulations triggered by trauma is difficult to reconcile with the disturbed, sometimes debilitating sleep and waking functioning of PTSD sufferers. A theory that accounts for fundamental forms of imagery other than threat scenarios could explain the selection of many more adaptive human functions – some still pertinent to survival today. For example, interactive characters, a virtually ubiquitous form of dream imagery, could be simulations of attachment relationships that aid species survival in many different ways. [Revonsuo].
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DOI 10.1017/S0140525X0070402X
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Katja Valli (2011). Dreaming in the Multilevel Framework. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1084-1090.

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Antti Revonsuo (2000). Did Ancestral Humans Dream for Their Lives? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1063-1082.
Ross Levin (2000). Nightmares: Friend or Foe? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):965-965.

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