Authors
Morten Nielsen
University of Copenhagen
Abstract
It is a common belief that obesity is wholly or partially a question of personal choice and personal responsibility. It is also widely assumed that when individuals are responsible for some unfortunate state of affairs, society bears no burden to compensate them. This article focuses on two conceptualizations of responsibility: backward-looking and forward-looking conceptualizations. When ascertaining responsibility in a backward-looking sense, one has to determine how that state of affairs came into being or where the agent stood in relation to it. In contrast, a forward-looking conceptualization of responsibility puts aside questions of the past and holds a person responsible by reference to some desirable future state of affairs and will typically mean that he or she is subjected to criticism, censure, or other negative appraisals or that he or she is held cost-responsible in some form, for example, in terms of demanded compensation, loss of privileges, or similar. One example of this view is the debate as to whether the obese should be denied, wholly or partially, free and equal access to healthcare, not because they are somehow personally responsible in the backward-looking sense but simply because holding the obese responsible will have positive consequences. Taking these two conceptions of responsibility into account, the authors turn their analysis toward examining the relevant moral considerations to be taken into account when public policies regarding obesity rely on such a conception of responsibility
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/s0963180114000115
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 62,289
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Public Health Ethics and Liberalism.Lubomira V. Radoilska - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (2):135-145.

View all 6 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Psychopathy: Morally Incapacitated Persons.Heidi Maibom - 2017 - In Thomas Schramme & Steven Edwards (eds.), Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 1109-1129.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Bioethics in Denmark: Moving From First- to Second-Order Analysis?Morten Nielsen & Martin Andersen - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (3):326-333.
Holding People Responsible for What They Do Not Control.Zofia Stemplowska - 2008 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (4):355-377.
Sharing Responsibility and Holding Responsible.Garrath Williams - 2013 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (4):351-364.
The Divine Controller Argument for Incompatibilism.Katherin A. Rogers - 2012 - Faith and Philosophy 29 (3):275-294.
Psychopathy and Responsibility Theory.Paul Litton - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (8):676-688.
How to Be Responsible for Something Without Causing It.Carolina Sartorio - 2004 - Philosophical Perspectives 18 (1):315–336.
Holding Others Responsible.Coleen Macnamara - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 152 (1):81-102.
Making Our Own Luck.David Hodgson - 2007 - Ratio 20 (3):278–292.
Limited Neutrality.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2005 - SATS 6 (1):110-127.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-12-16

Total views
19 ( #558,335 of 2,444,969 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #457,173 of 2,444,969 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes