Welfarism – The Very Idea

Utilitas 15 (2):151 (2003)
According to outcome welfarism, roughly, the value of an outcome is fundamentally a matterof the individual welfare it contains. I assess various suggestions as to how to spell out this idea more fully on the basis of some basic intuitions about the content and implications of welfarism. I point out that what are in fact different suggestions are often conflated and argue that none fully captures the basic intuitions. I then suggest that what this means is that different doctrines of welfarism may be appropriate in different contexts and that when deciding on a particular doctrine, we need to consider which intuitions it does accommodate. Finally, I consider the issue of just how a benefit must be related to an outcome in order to contribute to its value
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DOI 10.1017/S0953820800003927
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Simon Keller (2009). Welfarism. Philosophy Compass 4 (1):82-95.
Nils Holtug (2009). Equality, Priority and Global Justice. Journal of Global Ethics 5 (3):173 – 179.

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Simon Keller (2009). Welfarism. Philosophy Compass 4 (1):82-95.
Amartya Sen (1979). Utilitarianism and Welfarism. Journal of Philosophy 76 (9):463-489.
Andrew Moore & Roger Crisp (1996). Welfarism in Moral Theory. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (4):598 – 613.

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