Self‐Location and Other‐Location

Authors
Dilip Ninan
Tufts University
Abstract
According to one tradition in the philosophy of language and mind, the content of a psychological attitude can be characterized by a set of possibilities. On the classic version of this account, advocated by Hintikka (1962) and Stalnaker (1984) among others, the possibilities in question are possible worlds, ways the universe might be. Lewis (1979, 1983a) proposed an alternative to this account, according to which the possibilities in question are possible individuals or centered worlds, ways an individual might be. The motivation for the centered worlds theory has primarily to do with self-locating – or de se – attitudes. The focus of this paper is on the less-discussed question of how other-locating – or de re – attitudes ought to be treated within this framework. Most advocates of what we might call the modal approach to attitudes, Stalnaker and Lewis included, offer some kind of descriptivist solution to the well-known problems that other-locating attitudes raise. There are intramural differences between Stalnaker, Lewis, and other modal theorists (e.g. two-dimensionalists) on a number of issues: on the precise nature of the descriptivism involved, how attitude content relates to the asserted content of the sentences we utter, and on the proper semantic treatment of attitude reports. I pass over these differences to focus on a problem common to these various approaches: all face a problem when it comes to characterizing the contents of counterfactual attitudes like imagining, dreaming, and wishing
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/phpr.12051
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 33,094
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Naming and Necessity.Saul Kripke - 1980 - Harvard University Press.
Philosophical Papers.David K. Lewis - 1983 - Oxford University Press.
Naming and Necessity.Saul Kripke - 1980 - In Darragh Byrne & Max Kölbel (eds.), Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 431-433.
Knowledge and Belief.Jaakko Hintikka - 1962 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

View all 34 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Binding Bound Variables in Epistemic Contexts.Brian Rabern - forthcoming - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-31.
Mental Graphs.James Pryor - 2016 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (2):309-341.
On Recanati’s Mental Files.Dilip Ninan - 2015 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 58 (4):368-377.

View all 6 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Counterfactual Attitudes and Multi-Centered Worlds.Dilip Ninan - 2012 - Semantics and Pragmatics 5 (5):1-57.
What Are Centered Worlds?Shen-yi Liao - 2012 - Philosophical Quarterly 62 (247):294-316.
Centered Assertion.Stephan Torre - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 150 (1):97-114.
Spatial Location in Color Vision.Ian Gold - 2001 - Consciousness and Cognition 10 (1):59-62.
Centered Communication.Clas Weber - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 166 (S1):205-223.
De Se Attitudes: Ascription and Communication.Dilip Ninan - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (7):551-567.
Probability, Self‐Location, and Quantum Branching.Peter J. Lewis - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):1009-1019.
Lewis on Intentionality.Robert Stalnaker - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (1):199 – 212.
Moral Blameworthiness and the Reactive Attitudes.Leonard Kahn - 2011 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (2):131-142.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-06-11

Total downloads
60 ( #101,261 of 2,241,670 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #413,425 of 2,241,670 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature