Review of Metaphysics 74 (3):361-396 (2021)

Gilad Nir
Universität Potsdam
The fundamental error of the metaphysical tradition, according to Heidegger, is the subordination of general ontology to the ontology of a special, exemplary entity (God, the soul, etc.). But Being and Time itself treats one kind of entity as exemplary, namely Dasein. Does this mean that Heidegger fails to free himself from the kind of metaphysics that he sought to criticize? To show how he avoids this charge I propose to examine the parallels between the methodology of Being and Time and the methodology Heidegger ascribes to Aristotle's Metaphysics. Heidegger takes the virtue of Aristotle's inquiry to reside in the way he resists the subordination of general to special ontology: Aristotle was guided by a "double concept" of metaphysics, pursued two irreducibly distinct methods of inquiry, and avoided the temptation to unite them. In proposing to similarly pursue a "double task" in Being and Time Heidegger seeks to apply this insight to his own work. Alongside the task of fundamental ontology, Heidegger spells out the shape of a second task, Destruktion, understood as a historical critique that traces ontological concepts back to their ontic roots. But Destruktion is not a mere addendum to fundamental ontology; the two tasks are meant to counterbalance one another and thereby prevent the collapse of the ontological difference between being and beings. Indeed, Heidegger proposes to apply Destruktion to the results of his own fundamental ontology. He hopes to thereby achieve a transformation of the philosophical attitude which underpins the metaphysical tradition.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Haugeland's Heidegger and the Metaphysics of Normativity.Katherine Withy - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):463-484.
Heidegger's Tasks: The Many Ways to Being.Forrest A. Hartman - 2003 - Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley
The Overturning of Heidegger’s Fundamental Ontology.James Osborn - 2016 - Journal of Philosophical Research 41:559-600.
Toward a Metaphysical Freedom: Heidegger’s Project of a Metaphysics of Dasein.François Jaran - 2010 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (2):205-227.
Heideggers ‘zeit und sein’. Een schets Van de contouren.Karin De Boer - 1994 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 56 (3):427-468.
Heideggers 'zeit und sein'. Een schets Van de contouren.Karin De Boer - 1994 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 56 (3):427 - 468.
Heidegger's Historicisation of Aristotelean Being.Susan Roberts - 2013 - Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 9 (1):161-182.
Heidegger: Thought and Historicity.Rodolphe Gasché - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (3):616-619.


Added to PP index

Total views
385 ( #26,156 of 2,506,511 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
120 ( #5,811 of 2,506,511 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes