Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):1 – 36 (2009)
A central goal of cognitive science is to develop a general theory of transfer to explain how people use and apply their prior knowledge to solve new problems. Previous work has identified multiple mechanisms of transfer including (but not limited to) analogy, knowledge compilation, and constraint violation. The central hypothesis investigated in the current work is that the particular profile of transfer processes activated for a given situation depends on both (a) the type of knowledge to be transferred and how it is represented, and (b) the processing demands of the transfer task. This hypothesis was investigated in two laboratory training studies. The results from Experiment 1 show that each mechanism predicts specific behavioural patterns of performance across a common set of transfer tasks. The results from Experiment 2 show that people can adaptively shift between transfer mechanisms depending on their prior knowledge and the characteristics of the task environment. A framework for the development of a general theory of transfer based on multiple mechanisms is proposed and implications of the theory are discussed for measuring and understanding knowledge transfer
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Development: Transfer of Technology, Transfer of Culture.J. Binet & J. Ferguson - 1984 - Diogenes 32 (126):19-38.
Systematic Minds, Unsystematic Models: Learning Transfer in Humans and Networks. [REVIEW]Steven Phillips - 1999 - Minds and Machines 9 (3):383-398.
Explaining Information Transfer in Quantum Teleportation.Armond Duwell - 2001 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S288-.
Positive Transfer and Negative Transfer/Anti-Learning of Problem Solving Skills.Magda Osman - unknown
Characterising Artificial Intelligence Technology for International Transfer.Amir S. Tabandeh - 1994 - AI and Society 8 (4):315-325.
Category Transfer in Sequential Causal Learning: The Unbroken Mechanism Hypothesis.York Hagmayer, Björn Meder, Momme von Sydow & Michael R. Waldmann - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (5):842-873.
The Governance of University Knowledge Transfer: A Critical Review of the Literature.Aldo Geuna & Alessandro Muscio - 2009 - Minerva 47 (1):93-114.
Added to index2009-02-04
Total downloads71 ( #74,260 of 2,171,803 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #117,927 of 2,171,803 )
How can I increase my downloads?