Brain imaging of the self–Conceptual, anatomical and methodological issues

Consciousness and Cognition 20 (1):52–63 (2011)

Authors
Georg Northoff
University of Ottawa
Abstract
In this paper we consider two major issues: conceptual–experimental approaches to the self, and the neuroanatomical substrate of the self. We distinguish content- and processed-based concepts of the self that entail different experimental strategies, and anatomically, we investigate the concept of midline structures in further detail and present a novel view on the anatomy of an integrated subcortical–cortical midline system. Presenting meta-analytic evidence, we show that the anterior paralimbic, e.g. midline, regions do indeed seem to be specific for self-specific stimuli. We conclude that future investigation of the self need to develop novel concepts that are more empirically plausible than those currently in use. Different concepts of self will require novel experimental designs that include, for example, the brain’s resting state activity as an independent variable. Modifications of both conceptual and anatomical dimensions will allow an empirically more plausible account of the relationship between brain and self
Keywords info:mesh/Brain Mapping  info:mesh/Magnetic Resonance Imaging  info:mesh/Humans  info:mesh/Brain  Brain   Humans   Positron-Emission Tomography   Magnetic Resonance Imaging   Brain Mapping   Ego  info:mesh/Ego  info:mesh/Positron-Emission Tomography
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Reprint years 2011
DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2010.09.011
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References found in this work BETA

Cortical Midline Structures and the Self.Georg Northoff & Felix Bermpohl - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):102-107.
Functional Imaging of 'Theory of Mind'.Helen L. Gallagher & Christopher D. Frith - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):77-83.

View all 18 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Self-Awareness Part 1: Definition, Measures, Effects, Functions, and Antecedents.Alain Morin - 2011 - Social and Personality Psychology Compass 5: 807-823.
Toward an Explanatory Framework for Mental Ownership.Timothy Lane - 2012 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (2):251-286.
Modulations of the Experience of Self and Time.Marc Wittmann - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 38:172-181.

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