Synthese 97 (1):1 - 31 (1993)
The thesis that observation necessarily fails to determine theory is false in the sense that observation can provide overwhelming evidence for a particular theory or even a hypothesis within the theory. The saga of quantum discontinuity illustrates the power of evidence to determine theory and shows how that power can be underestimated by inadequate caricatures of the evidential case. That quantum discontinuity can save the phenomena of black body radiation is the widely known result, but it leaves open the possibilities of other accounts. That these phenomena, with the aid of minimal assumptions, entail quantum discontinuity is the crucial but now largely forgotten result. It was first demonstrated by Ehrenfest and Poincaré in 1911 and 1912.
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The Logical Inconsistency of the Old Quantum Theory of Black Body Radiation.John Norton - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (3):327-350.
Citations of this work BETA
The Crux of Crucial Experiments: Duhem's Problems and Inference to the Best Explanation.Marcel Weber - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (1):19-49.
A Philosopher's Guide to Empirical Success.Malcolm Forster - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):588-600.
Counterexamples to a Likelihood Theory of Evidence.Malcolm R. Forster - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (3):319-338.
A Philosophical Study of the Transition From the Caloric Theory of Heat to Thermodynamics: Resisting the Pessimistic Meta-Induction.Stathis Psillos - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (2):159-190.
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