Toward a Comprehensive Environmental Ethic

Dissertation, Northern Illinois University (2004)

Abstract
This dissertation explores the intellectual history of a science-based biocentric environmental ethic. Specifically, it examines how thinkers like John Howard Moore and Henry Stephens Salt used Darwinian evolution to justify the extension of ethics to individual animals, while others used ecology to justify extending ethics to entire species. Environmental ethics and animal rights, then, offered two distinct ethics depending on which science one used as a foundation. ;This is contrasted with earlier approaches to environmental ethics employed by American mystics. Nineteenth-century naturalists such as John Muir, for example, created an ethic toward nature that included both plants and animals. Once his mystical approach was dropped in favor of a science-based ethic, a split between animal rights and environmental philosophy occurred. ;Ethical systems based in ecology, such as that advanced by Aldo Leopold, actually broke completely from previous attempts to create an environmental ethic based on Darwinian theory. As a result, two environmental ethics appeared---one representing the animal rights tradition and the other representing ecological systems. The two are mutually exclusive, one not being an extension of the other. ;Finally, Joseph Wood Krutch looked to a third science, quantum theory, which allowed him to bridge the gap between animal rights and environmental ethics. In doing so, he managed to secularize the oneness of nature emphasized by earlier nature mystics like Muir. This approach also allowed him to retain a sense of meaning and purpose to the universe, one lost to mechanistic interpretations of cosmology
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 42,433
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Animal Rights and Human Needs.Angus Taylor - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (3):249-264.
The Justification of an Environmental Ethic.Evelyn B. Pluhar - 1983 - Environmental Ethics 5 (1):47-61.
Rawlsian Justice and Environmental Ethics.Sally Nelson Wiedmann - 1996 - Dissertation, University of Miami
A Refutation of Environmental Ethics.Janna Thompson - 1990 - Environmental Ethics 12 (2):147-160.
Towards an Adequate Environmental Virtue Ethic.Ronald Sandler - 2004 - Environmental Values 13 (4):477 - 495.
Animal Liberation.J. Baird Callicott - 1980 - Environmental Ethics 2 (4):311-338.
Ethical Obligations of Veterinarians and Animal Scientists in Animal Agriculture.Bernard E. Rollin - 1989 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (3):225-234.
Animal Liberation: A Triangular Affair.J. Baird Callicott - 1980 - Environmental Ethics 2 (4):311-338.
Ecology and Animals: Is There a Joint Ethic of Respect?Laura Westra - 1989 - Environmental Ethics 11 (3):215-230.
Kantian Wholism: Toward a Critical Environmental Ethic.Jack Weir - 1989 - Southwest Philosophical Studies:1-12.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2015-02-05

Total views
0

Recent downloads (6 months)
0

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.

My notes

Sign in to use this feature