Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (4):624-645 (2015)

Abstract
Do cultural models facilitate particular ways of perceiving interactions in nature? We explore variability in folkecological principles of reasoning about interspecies interactions. In two studies, Indigenous Panamanian Ngöbe and U.S. participants interpreted an illustrated, wordless nonfiction book about the hunting relationship between a coyote and badger. Across both studies, the majority of Ngöbe interpreted the hunting relationship as cooperative and the majority of U.S. participants as competitive. Study 2 showed that this pattern may reflect different beliefs about, and perhaps different awareness of, plausible interspecies interactions. Further probes suggest that these models of ecological interaction correlate with recognition of social agency in nonhuman animals. We interpret our results in terms of cultural models of nature and nonhuman agency
Keywords Culture  Folkpsychology  Nonhuman agency concepts  Folkecology  Indigenous ecological knowledge
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DOI 10.1111/tops.12156
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Diversity as Asset.Andrea Bender, Sieghard Beller & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (4):677-688.
The Oxford Handbook of Causal Reasoning.Michael R. Waldmann (ed.) - 2017 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

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