Ancient Theories of Freedom and Determinism

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy:00-00 (2020)
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Abstract

A fairly long (~15,000 word) overview of ancient theories of freedom and determinism. It covers the supposed threat of causal determinism to "free will," i.e., the sort of control we need to have in order to be rightly held responsible for our actions. But it also discusses fatalistic arguments that proceed from the Principle of Bivalence, what responsibility we have for our own characters, and god and fate. Philosophers discussed include Aristotle, Epicurus, the Stoics, Carneades, Alexander of Aphrodisias, and Plotinus. Plato is mentioned in passing a few times in connection with other philosophers.

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Tim O'Keefe
Georgia State University

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References found in this work

Determinism and freedom in stoic philosophy.Susanne Bobzien - 1998 - New York: Oxford University Press.
The Complete Works of Aristotle. The Revised Oxford Translation.Jonathan Barnes - 1986 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 176 (4):493-494.
Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind.Julia E. Annas - 1992 - University of California Press.

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