À Espera Da Ciência: um mundo de fatos pré-interpretados

Episteme 13 (2001)

Authors
Alberto Oliva
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
Abstract
Este artigo tem por objetivo mostrar que o naturalismo que apregoa a necessidade das ciências sociais imitarem os procedimentos metodológicos empregados pelas ciências naturais se revela contraproducente por não levar em conta que as teorias sociais, em muitos casos, lidam com fatos pré-interpretados. E que esse tipo de “material empírico” demanda a elaboração de uma metodologia capaz, indo além das meras intenções programáticas, de efetivamente apreender a significatividade presente nos fatos da vida societária. Para tanto, desponta como imperioso construir teorias sobre “teorias” que possam ser avaliadas em termos de seu poder de compreender, de modo elucidativo ou crítico, a natureza do significado inerente aos “objetos” estudados.This article aims at demonstrating that naturalism, in so far as it defends the thesis that social sciences must imitate the methodological procedures employed by natural sciences in order to produce well-grounded explanations, turns out to be useless. The main reason for naturalism’s failure is that social theories deal with preinterpreted facts. And such a kind of “empirical stuff” demands the creation of a methodology able to capture, beyond mere programmatic intentions, the intrinsic meaning exhibited by several kinds of social facts. In order to attain this aim social research has to construct theories about “theories”, that is, explanations capable of being evaluated by their power of clarifying, through an analytical or a critical approach, the kind of meaning embeded in the “objects” investigated
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 61,089
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Entre la Ruina y la Espera: Viaje Al Mundo de Las Almas.Ricardo Forster - 2007 - In Manuel Cruz & Néstor García Canclini (eds.), Odio, Violencia, Emancipación. Gedisa. pp. 127--148.
Popper, "Bouvard y Pécuchet": Nueva refutación del mundo 3.Ruy J. Henríquez Garrido - 2002 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 35:331-346.
La evangelización en el mundo obrero.J. Espeja - 1992 - Ciencia Tomista 119 (3):499-519.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2014-03-18

Total views
18 ( #577,073 of 2,439,697 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #432,499 of 2,439,697 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes