Putting knowledge in its place: virtue, value, and the internalism/externalism debate

Philosophical Studies 159 (2):241-261 (2012)
Authors
Philip Olson
Virginia Tech
Abstract
Traditionally, the debate between epistemological internalists and externalists has centered on the value of knowledge and its justification. A value pluralist, virtue-theoretic approach to epistemology allows us to accept what I shall call the insight of externalism while still acknowledging the importance of internalists’ insistence on the value of reflection. Intellectual virtue can function as the unifying consideration in a study of a host of epistemic values, including understanding, wisdom, and what I call articulate reflection. Each of these epistemic values is a good internal to inquiry. Thus, an inquiry-based conception of virtue is particularly well suited to help us account for a wide variety of epistemic goods, without reducing the value of those many goods to their contribution to the value of knowledge. Moreover, an inquiry-based conception of virtue can function as the unifying consideration in a general study of value, the scope of which is not restricted to epistemic value.
Keywords Knowledge  Internalism  Externalism  Virtue  Value  Understanding  Articulate reflection  Inquiry
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DOI 10.1007/s11098-011-9700-y
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Reflective Knowledge.Ernest Sosa - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
Knowledge in Perspective.Ernest Sosa - 1991 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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