Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (3):403-410 (2002)
AbstractStudies in several developing countries for treatmen to prevent HIV-transmission from mother to child generated considerable controversy in 1997. Critics of the studies argued that basic principles of research ethics were violated. According to the critics, researchers subjected women in developing countries to studies that would have been unethical in the United States and that the researchers were therefore engaged in unethical exploitation ofcitizens of the developing countries in which the studies were conducted.While the critics agreed that unethical exploitation had occurred, they differed on the exact nature of the exploitation. Some observers condemned the researchers for employing a double standard — because the researchers were applying a standard of care that would have been unacceptable in their own country. In the view of these critics, researchers should have been comparing the experimental treatment to established therapy rather than to placebo, as would have been required in the United States or other developed countries.
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Citations of this work
Reasons Why Post-Trial Access to Trial Drugs Should, or Need not be Ensured to Research Participants: A Systematic Review.N. Sofaer & D. Strech - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (2):160-184.
Benefits to research subjects in international trials: Do they reduce exploitation or increase undue inducement?Angela Ballantyne - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (3):178-191.
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References found in this work
Unethical trials of interventions to reduce perinatal transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus in developing countries.Peter Lurie & Sidney M. Wolfe - 2012 - In Stephen Holland (ed.), Arguing About Bioethics. Routledge. pp. 479.
The moral limits of the criminal Law.Joël Feinberg - 1984 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 93 (2):279-279.
AZT Trials and Tribulations.Robert A. Crouch & John D. Arras - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (6):26-34.
""Research in developing countries: taking" benefit" seriously.Leonard H. Glantz, George J. Annas, Michael A. Grodin & Wendy K. Mariner - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (6):38.
Taking Benefits Seriously in Developing Countries.Leonard H. Glantz, George J. Annas, Michael A. Grodin & Wendy K. Mariner - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (6):38-42.