Giles of Rome, Henry of Ghent, and Godfrey of Fontaines on Whether to See God Is to Love Him

Thomas M. Osborne
University of St. Thomas, Texas
Although Giles of Rome, Henry of Ghent, and Godfrey of Fontaines disagree with each other profoundly over the relationship between the intellect and the will, they all think that someone who sees God must also love him in the ordinary course of events. However, Godfrey rejects a central thesis argued for by both Henry and Giles, namely that by God’s absolute power there could be such vision without love. The debate is not about the ability to freely reject or at least refrain from willing complete happiness, but about the connection between the known object and the will’s act. Godfrey’s discussion is an occasion for him to criticize Giles’ idiosyncratic view that an elicited act of love for the known object is necessary for every act of knowing, and Henry’s development of the view that the known object is merely a sine qua non cause of an act of love. In his response, Godfrey defends a thesis that later becomes widespread, namely that the known object is an efficient cause of love.
Keywords Free Will  Determinism  Happiness  Henry of Ghent  Godfrey of Fontaines  Giles of Rome
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Godfrey of Fontaines.John Wippel - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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