Vitalism as Pathos

Biosemiotics 9 (2):185-205 (2016)

Abstract
This paper addresses the remarkable longevity of the idea of vitalism in the biological sciences and beyond. If there is to be a renewed vitalism today, however, we need to ask – on what kind of original conception of life should it be based? This paper argues that recent invocations of a generalized, processual variety of vitalism in the social sciences and humanities above all, however exciting in their scope, miss much of the basic originality – and interest – of the vitalist perspective itself. The paper argues that any renewed spirit of vitalism in the contemporary era would have to base itself on the normativity of the living organism rather than on any generalized conceptions of process or becoming. In the terms of the paper, such a vitalism would have to be concrete and ‘disciplinary’ rather than processual or generalized. Such a vitalism would also need to accommodate, crucially, the pathic aspects of life – pathology, sickness, error; in short everything that makes us, as living beings, potentially weak, without power, at a loss. Sources for such a pathic vitalism might be found above all in the work of Georges Canguilhem – and Friedrich Nietzsche – rather than primarily in Bergson, Whitehead or Deleuze.
Keywords Vitalism  Mechanism  Canguilhem  von Uexküll - Nietzsche
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DOI 10.1007/s12304-016-9254-7
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Nietzsche and Philosophy.Gilles Deleuze & Michael Hardt (eds.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
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Making Sense of Humanity.Bernard Williams (ed.) - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
Theories and Things. [REVIEW]W. V. QUINE - 1962 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 13 (51):234-244.

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