Observation Can Be as Effective as Action in Problem Solving

Cognitive Science 32 (1):162-183 (2008)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

The present study discusses findings that replicate and extend the original work of Burns and Vollmeyer (2002), which showed that performance in problem solving tasks was more accurate when people were engaged in a non-specific goal than in a specific goal. The main innovation here was to examine the goal specificity effect under both observation-based and conventional action-based learning conditions. The findings show that goal specificity affects the accuracy of problem solving in the same way, both when the learning stage of the task is observationbased and when it is action-based. Additionally, the findings show that, when instructions do not promote goal specificity, observation-based problem solving is as effective as action-based problem solving.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,480

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Implicit Learning in Rule Induction and Problem Solving.Aldo Zanga & Jean-Fran - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (1):55 – 83.
Problem-Solving, Research Traditions, and the Development of Scientific Fields.Henry Frankel - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:29 - 40.

Analytics

Added to PP
2010-12-22

Downloads
66 (#179,332)

6 months
1 (#417,474)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?