Stepping out of history: Mindfulness improves insight problem solving

Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):1031-1036 (2012)

Abstract
Insight problem solving is hindered by automated verbal–conceptual processes. Because mindfulness meditation training aims at “nonconceptual awareness” which involves a reduced influence of habitual verbal–conceptual processes on the interpretation of ongoing experience, mindfulness may facilitate insight problem solving. This hypothesis was examined across two studies . Participants in both studies completed a measure of trait mindfulness and a series of insight and noninsight problems. Further, participants in Study 2 completed measures of positive affect and a mindfulness or control training. The results indicated that trait mindfulness predicts better insight but not noninsight problem solving , this relation is maintained when controlling for positive affect , mindfulness training improves insight but not noninsight problem solving and this improvement is partially mediated by state mindfulness . These findings are the first to document a direct relation between mindfulness and creativity
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DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2012.02.014
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Thoughts Beyond Words: When Language Overshadows Insight.Jonathan W. Schooler, Stellan Ohlsson & Kevin Brooks - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (2):166.

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Differentiating Insight From Non-Insight Problems.K. J. Gilhooly & P. Murphy - 2005 - Thinking and Reasoning 11 (3):279 – 302.

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