Evidential arguments from evil

International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 48 (1):1-10 (2000)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Recent discussion of the problem of evil has centered around what is known as the probabilistic or evidential argument from evil. According to this argument the evil in our world is evidence against the existence of God, even though evil is logically consistent with God’s existing. Based on this it is claimed it is irrational to believe one of the traditional theistic religions, unless there is overwhelming positive evidence to counter this negative evidence. One of the most important and widely discussed versions of this argument is due to Paul Draper.1 In this paper I will look at Draper’s argument and argue that he has made a simple fundamental error; as a result his argument is irrelevant to most theists. After discussing this error in Draper’s argument, I will discuss probabilistic arguments from evil from the perspective of confirmation theory. The error in Draper’s argument is easily made and could occur in any probabilistic argument from evil; looking at confirmation theory and probabilistic arguments from evil will provide insight into reasoning about evil and belief in God.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,953

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Rowe's evidential arguments from evil.Graham Oppy - 2013 - In Justin P. Mcbrayer (ed.), A Companion to the Problem of Evil. Wiley. pp. 49-66.
Evidential Arguments from Evil.Graham Oppy - 2010 - In Charles Taliaferro & Paul Draper (eds.), A Companion to Philosophy of Religion, 2nd ed. London, UK:
Sceptical theism and evidential arguments from evil.Michael J. Almeida & Graham Oppy - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (4):496 – 516.
A New Look at Evidential Arguments from Evil.Michael Tooley - 2018 - In Jerome Gellman, Chad Meister & Charles Taliaferro (eds.), The History of Evil from the Mid-Twentieth Century to Today - 1950 to 2018 CE. Routledge Press. pp. 28-44.
On William Rowe’s Evidential Arguments from Evil.Leo K. C. Cheung - 2021 - Philosophia Christi 23 (1):125-140.
Evidential arguments from evil. Co-Written & Michael J. Almeida - 2006 - In Graham Oppy (ed.), Arguing About Gods. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Evidential Arguments from Evil and the "Seeability" of Compensating Goods.Justin McBrayer - 2004 - Auslegung. A Journal of Philosophy Lawrence, Kans 27 (1):17-22.

Analytics

Added to PP
2009-01-28

Downloads
190 (#107,444)

6 months
16 (#172,468)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Richard Otte
University of California, Santa Cruz

References found in this work

On being evidentially challenged.Alvin Plantinga - 1996 - In Daniel Howard-Snyder (ed.), The Evidential Argument From Evil. Indiana University Press. pp. 244--261.

Add more references