Exploring Common Ground between Integrated Information Theory and Aristotelian Metaphysics

Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (1-2):163-187 (2019)

Authors
Matthew Owen
Gonzaga University
Abstract
A leading contemporary theory of consciousness in theoretical neuroscience apparently shares significant common ground with a philosophical system of thought from Antiquity. Although chronologically disparate, the integrated information theory of consciousness and Aristotelian metaphysics seem to be akin with regards to fundamental ontology, epistemic priority, and causal powers. In this article, I explore these areas of common ground. Additionally, I consider an apparent dissimilarity regarding panpsychism and suggest that an Aristotelian understanding of powers provides a natural way for IIT to reasonably regulate its ascription of consciousness.
Keywords Consciousness  Integrated information theory  Aristotelian metaphysics  Panpsychism  Causal powers  Hylomorphism  Machine consciousness
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