Environmental Ethics 14 (3):239-251 (1992)
In their attempt to develop a nonanthropocentric ethic, many biocentric philosophers have been content to argue for the expansion of the moral community to include natural entities. In doing so, they have implicitly accepted the idea that the conceptions of moral duties developed by anthropocentric philosophers to describe the moral relationships that hold between humans can be directly applied to thehuman/nature relationship. To make this expansion plausible, they have had to argue that natural entities have traits that are similar to the morally relevant traits of human beings, e.g., interests, the capacity to experience pleasure and pain, or “purpose.” Not only are these arguments often unconvincing, but it seems implausible that the same moral concepts and principles that govern human relationshipsalso should govern human/nonhuman relationships. Many nonanthropocentric ethics, I argue, are (mistakenly) anthropomorphic. They anthropomorphize nature and they anthropomorphize our relationship with nature. To go beyond this relationship I recommend the development of a nonanthropomorphic biocentric ethic. Such an ethic requires us to understand better what nature is and what role nature plays in moral experience and action. In such an ethic, I argue, nature is viewed as a transcendent “thing” with a transcendental moral significance
|Keywords||Applied Philosophy General Interest|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Environmental Ethics and the Case for Hunting.Roger J. H. King - 1991 - Environmental Ethics 13 (1):59-85.
Objective Value in Environmental Ethics.Sharon Anderson-Gold - 2002 - Social Philosophy Today 18:111-124.
St. Francis, Paul Taylor, and Franciscan Biocentrism.John Mizzoni - 2004 - Environmental Ethics 26 (1):41-56.
Public Visions of the Human/Nature Relationship and Their Implications for Environmental Ethics.Mirjam de Groot, Martin Drenthen & Wouter T. de Groot - 2011 - Environmental Ethics 33 (1):25-44.
Ecological Morality and Nonmoral Sentiments.Ernest Partridge - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (2):149-163.
Communicative Ethics and Moral Considerability.Richard J. Evanoff - 2007 - Environmental Ethics 29 (3):247-266.
Self-Consciousness and the Rights of Nonhuman Animals and Nature.Richard A. Watson - 1979 - Environmental Ethics 1 (2):99-129.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads11 ( #400,564 of 2,163,904 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #348,100 of 2,163,904 )
How can I increase my downloads?