Connectionist modelling in psychology: A localist manifesto

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):443-467 (2000)
Abstract
Over the last decade, fully distributed models have become dominant in connectionist psychological modelling, whereas the virtues of localist models have been underestimated. This target article illustrates some of the benefits of localist modelling. Localist models are characterized by the presence of localist representations rather than the absence of distributed representations. A generalized localist model is proposed that exhibits many of the properties of fully distributed models. It can be applied to a number of problems that are difficult for fully distributed models, and its applicability can be extended through comparisons with a number of classic mathematical models of behaviour. There are reasons why localist models have been underused, though these often misconstrue the localist position. In particular, many conclusions about connectionist representation, based on neuroscientific observation, can be called into question. There are still some problems inherent in the application of fully distributed systems and some inadequacies in proposed solutions to these problems. In the domain of psychological modelling, localist modelling is to be preferred. Key Words: choice; competition; connectionist modelling; consolidation; distributed; localist; neural networks; reaction-time.
Keywords choice   competition   connectionist modelling   consolidation   distributed   localist   neural networks   reaction-time
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/S0140525X00003356
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
Edit this record
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Mark as duplicate
Request removal from index
Revision history
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 32,587
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Emergence in Cognitive Science.James L. McClelland - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (4):751-770.

View all 16 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Localist Network Modelling in Psychology: Ho-Hum or Hm-M-M?Craig Leth-Steensen - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):484-485.
Localist Representations and Theoretical Clarity.Norman D. Cook - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):474-475.
Neurons Amongst the Symbols?C. Philip Beaman - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):468-470.
Localist but Distributed Representations.Stephen Grossberg - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):478-479.
Sticking to the Manifesto.Mike Page - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):496-505.
Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total downloads
44 ( #135,456 of 2,235,705 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
10 ( #48,809 of 2,235,705 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads
My notes
Sign in to use this feature