Abstract
En identifiant l’âme du monde avec le feu et celui-ci avec Dieu, la représentation stoïcienne du monde comme grand animal doué d’intelligence et de sensibilité pose de graves problèmes à un chrétien, comme le souligne l’interlocuteur du dialogue de la Physiologia Stoicorum de Juste Lipse. Quelle est la position de Lipse par rapport à la question, largement débattue au xvie siècle, de l’animation des astres? On évoque les conceptions de Scaliger, Patrizi et Kepler, et on montre que c’est très vraisemblablement Giordano Bruno que Lipse indique sous la forme anonyme « quidam nostro aevo », pour se démarquer de ses positions. Même si la cosmologie de Lipse n’est pas héliocentrique, elle a l’avantage d’expliquer le mouvement des astres sans référence à leur âme et sur la base de considérations purement physiques.By identifying the soul of the world with fire and the latter with God, the Stoic representation of the world as a great animal blessed with intelligence and sensitivity raises serious problems for a Christian, as emphasized by the interlocutor of the dialogue Physiologia Stoicorum of Justus Lipsius. What position does Lipsius take regarding the question of the life of the stars? After having called to mind the concepts of Scaliger, Patrizi and Kepler, we will see that it is quite likely Giordano Bruno to whom Lipsius refers anonymously as « quidam nostro aevo » to distance himself from his positions. Even if the cosmology of Lipsus is not heliocentric, it has the advantage of explaining the movement of the stars without reference to their soul and on the basis of purely physical considerations.
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DOI 10.3917/rphi.112.0165
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