The present contribution offers an overview of the main problems concerning the representation of the planets in the pre-Islamic Iranian world, the origin of their denominations, their astral roles and the reasons behind their demonization in the Zoroastrian and Manichaean frameworks. This is a preliminary attempt to resume the planetary iconography and iconology in western and eastern Iranian sources, involving also external visual data, such as those coming from Dunhuang and the Chinese world. The article offers an intellectual journey into a net of mutual cultural and spiritual relations, focusing on the image of the heaven, thereby proposing a new synthesis and highlighting a number of intercultural contaminations.
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DOI 10.1007/s00048-020-00244-w
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Japanese Buddhist Astrology and Astral Magic: Mikkyō and Sukuyōdō.Jeffrey Kotyk - 2018 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 45 (1).
Rethinking Sasanian Iconoclasm. Shenkar - 2015 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 135 (3):471.
Babylonian Horoscopes.J. M. Steele & Francesca Rochberg - 1999 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 119 (3):524.
Beiträge zu einer Geschichte der Planetendarstellungen im Orient und im Okzident.Fritz Saxl - 1912 - Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 3 (1):151-177.

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