Hésiode, Homère, Hérodote : forme catalogique et classifications génériques

Kernos 19 (2006)

L’usage de la forme catalogique et de la généalogie inscrit les auteurs dans une filiation intellectuelle. Partant de cette hypothèse, l’article réexamine la question de l’influence homérique sur l’œuvre d’Hérodote face à l’influence hésiodique sur la naissance de l’historio­graphie. L’objectif est de montrer que la manipulation de la forme catalogique est un critère d’innovation autant de l’école homérique face à l’école hésiodique que d’Hérodote face au style historiographique dominant. Les options poétiques « originelles » divergentes semblent ainsi avoir exercé une influence durable sur le processus de la formation des genres en Grèce ancienne. Departing from the hypothesis that the use of catalogues and genealogies assigns authors to an intellectual genealogy, this paper re-examines the Homeric influence on Herodotus compared to the Hesiodic influence on the beginnings of historiography. The use of catalogues can be envisaged as a criterion of innovation, when one compares on this point the Homeric and Hesiodic “schools” as well as Herodotus and contemporary historiographers, and shows the lasting influence of the originally divergent poetic options on the process of the formation of genres in ancient Greece
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DOI 10.4000/kernos.432
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