The Ontological Argument of Diogenes of Babylon

Phronesis 52 (2):188-209 (2007)

Authors
Michael Papazian
Berry College
Abstract
An argument for the existence of gods given by the Stoic Diogenes of Babylon and reported by Sextus Empiricus appears to be an ancient version of the ontological argument. In this paper I present a new reconstruction of Diogenes' argument that differs in certain important respects from the reconstruction presented by Jacques Brunschwig. I argue that my reconstruction makes better sense of how Diogenes' argument emerged as a response to an attack on an earlier Stoic argument presented by Zeno of Citium. Diogenes' argument as reconstructed here is an example of a modal ontological argument that makes use of the concept of being of such a nature as to exist. I argue that this concept is a modal concept that is based on the Philonian definition of possibility, and thus that Diogenes' argument is a source of important evidence about the use of non-Stoic modalities in the post-Chrysippean Stoa. I conclude by arguing that the objections made against considering Diogenes' argument as ontological are unfounded and that Diogenes' argument clearly resembles modern versions of modal ontological arguments
Keywords STOICS   ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT   ANCIENT LOGIC
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1163/156852807X180072
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 39,645
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Ontological Arguments.Graham Oppy (ed.) - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
The Nature of Necessity.Kit Fine & Alvin Plantinga - 1976 - Philosophical Review 85 (4):562.
Anselm's Ontological Arguments.Norman Malcolm - 1960 - Philosophical Review 69 (1):41-62.
Hellenistic Essays Translated.Richard Bett - 1996 - Apeiron 29 (1):75-98.

View all 16 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Free Play and the Foreclosure of New Babylon.Gerald Keaney - 2012 - Environment and Planning D 30:418-433.
The Ontological Argument.Graham Oppy - 2008 - In Paul Copan & Chad V. Meister (eds.), Philosophy of Religion: Classic and Contemporary Issues. Blackwell.
The Ontological Meta-Argument.Elijah Millgram - 2004 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):331-334.
The Ontological Argument and the Devil.Yujin Nagasawa - 2010 - Philosophical Quarterly 60 (238):72-91.
Millican on the Ontological Argument.Yujin Nagasawa - 2007 - Mind 116 (464):1027-1040.
Vergil and Music, in Diogenes of Babylon and Philodemus.Daniel Delattre - 2004 - In David Armstrong (ed.), Vergil, Philodemus, and the Augustans. University of Texas Press. pp. 245-263.
A Logical Choice.Tracy Lupher - 2012 - Southwest Philosophy Review 28 (1):237-246.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
51 ( #145,036 of 2,325,862 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
8 ( #175,865 of 2,325,862 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature