Approximate Truth vs. Empirical Adequacy

Epistemologia 37 (1):106-118 (2014)

Authors
Seungbae Park
Ulsan National Institute Of Science And Technology
Abstract
Suppose that scientific realists believe that a successful theory is approximately true, and that constructive empiricists believe that it is empirically adequate. Whose belief is more likely to be false? The problem of underdetermination does not yield an answer to this question one way or the other, but the pessimistic induction does. The pessimistic induction, if correct, indicates that successful theories, both past and current, are empirically inadequate. It is arguable, however, that they are approximately true. Therefore, scientific realists overall take less epistemic risk than constructive empiricists.
Keywords approximate truth  empirical adequacy  pessimistic induction  underdetermination
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Reprint years 2014
DOI 10.3280/EPIS2014-001007
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References found in this work BETA

The Scientific Image.Michael Friedman - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (5):274-283.
A Confutation of Convergent Realism.Larry Laudan - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (1):19-49.
The Scientific Image.C. Van Fraassen Bas - 1980 - Oxford University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Realism Versus Surrealism.Seungbae Park - 2016 - Foundations of Science 21 (4):603-614.
Explanatory Failures of Relative Realism.Seungbae Park - 2015 - Epistemologia 38 (1):16-28.

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