Experiments, Simulations, and Epistemic Privilege

Philosophy of Science 81 (4):516-536 (2014)

Emily Parke
University of Auckland
Experiments are commonly thought to have epistemic privilege over simulations. Two ideas underpin this belief: first, experiments generate greater inferential power than simulations, and second, simulations cannot surprise us the way experiments can. In this article I argue that neither of these claims is true of experiments versus simulations in general. We should give up the common practice of resting in-principle judgments about the epistemic value of cases of scientific inquiry on whether we classify those cases as experiments or simulations, per se. To the extent that either methodology puts researchers in a privileged epistemic position, this is context sensitive.
Keywords Experiments  Models  Simulation  Materiality  Surprise
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DOI 10.1086/677956
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Philosophy of Experimental Biology.Marcel Weber - 2009 - Erkenntnis 71 (3):431-436.

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