Artificial Intelligence and Law 19 (2-3):75-98 (2011)

The aim of this paper is to strengthen the point made by Horty about the relationship between reason holism and moral particularism. In the literature prima facie obligations have been considered as the only source of reason holism. I strengthen Horty’s point in two ways. First, I show that contrary-to-duties provide another independent support for reason holism. Next I outline a formal theory that is able to capture these two sources of holism. While in simple settings the proposed account coincides with Horty’s one, this is not true in more complicated or “realistic” settings in which more than two norms collide. My chosen formalism is so-called input/output logic. A bottom-line example is introduced. It raises the issue of whether the conventional wisdom is right in assuming that normative reasons run parallel to epistemic ones
Keywords Moral particularism  Prima facie obligation  Conflict resolution  Priorities  Contrary-to-duties  Default reason  Input/output logic
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DOI 10.1007/s10506-011-9108-1
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References found in this work BETA

Counterfactuals.David Kellogg Lewis - 1973 - Cambridge, MA, USA: Blackwell.
Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language.John Rogers Searle - 1969 - Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Ethics Without Principles.Jonathan Dancy - 2004 - Oxford University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

On the Complexity of Input/Output Logic.Xin Sun & Livio Robaldo - 2017 - Journal of Applied Logic 25:69-88.
Variable Priorities and Exclusionary Reasons in Input/Output Logic.Dustin Tucker - 2018 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 47 (6):947-964.

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