Acta Analytica 32 (2):213-222 (2017)

Authors
Seungbae Park
Ulsan National Institute Of Science And Technology
Abstract
The pessimistic induction is built upon the uniformity principle that the future resembles the past. In daily scientific activities, however, scientists sometimes rely on what I call the disuniformity principle that the future differs from the past. They do not give up their research projects despite the repeated failures. They believe that they will succeed although they failed repeatedly, and as a result they achieve what they intended to achieve. Given that the disuniformity principle is useful in certain cases in science, we might reasonably use it to infer that present theories are true unlike past theories. Hence, pessimists have the burden to show that our prediction about the fate of present theories is more likely to be true if we use the uniformity principle than if we use the disuniformity principle.
Keywords Disuniformity Principle  Pessimistic Induction  Scientific Realism  Uniformity Principle
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s12136-016-0302-3
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Laws and Symmetry.Bas C. van Fraassen - 1989 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
A Treatise of Human Nature.David Hume & A. D. Lindsay - 1958 - Philosophical Quarterly 8 (33):379-380.
Meaning and the Moral Sciences.Hilary Putnam - 1978 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
A Confutation of Convergent Realism.Larry Laudan - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (1):19-49.

View all 24 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Scientific Understanding, Fictional Understanding, and Scientific Progress.Seungbae Park - 2020 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 51 (1):173–184.
In Defense of the Epistemic Imperative.Seungbae Park - 2018 - Axiomathes 28 (4):435-446.
The Anti-Induction for Scientific Realism.Seungbae Park - 2018 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 95 (3):329-342.
On Treating Past and Present Scientific Theories Differently.Seungbae Park - 2017 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):63-76.

View all 8 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Uniformity of Nature.Wesley C. Salmon - 1953 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14 (1):39-48.
Charles Lyell and the Uniformity Principle.Giovanni Camardi - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (4):537-560.
A View From Two Sides: The Principle and its Cases.J. J. Kotva - 1997 - Christian Bioethics 3 (2):158-172.
R and Relevance Principle Revisited.Eunsuk Yang - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (5):767-782.
Formulating the Precautionary Principle.Neil A. Manson - 2002 - Environmental Ethics 24 (3):263-274.
Okasha on Inductive Scepticism.Marc Lange - 2002 - Philosophical Quarterly 52 (207):226-232.
The Principle of Indifference and Inductive Scepticism.Robert Smithson - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (1):253-272.
A Closer Look at the 'New' Principle.Michael Strevens - 1995 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (4):545-561.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2016-07-05

Total views
682 ( #10,115 of 2,461,982 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
30 ( #28,128 of 2,461,982 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes