Politics, Philosophy and Economics 10 (2):188-210 (2011)

Authors
Abstract
It is commonly thought that when democratic states act wrongly, they should bear the costs of the harm they cause. However, since states are collective agents, their financial burdens pass on to their individual citizens. This fact raises important questions about the proper distribution of the state’s collective responsibility for its unjust policies. This article identifies two opposing models for sharing this collective responsibility in democracies: first, in proportion to citizens’ personal association with the unjust policy; second, by giving each citizen an equal share of the costs. Proportional distribution is compatible with the principle of fairness. And yet, both in the literature and in political praxis we find many supporters for the equal sharing of the costs of unjust policies in democracies. How can equal distribution be defended on normative grounds? This article develops a defense that is grounded in citizens’ associative obligations. I argue that, at least in some democracies, one of the intrinsic values of the civic bond revolves around the joint formation and execution of worthy political goals. This social good generates the political associative obligation to accept an equal distribution of the costs of unjust policies
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2010, 2011
DOI 10.1177/1470594X10368260
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 52,956
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

World Poverty and Human Rights.Thomas Pogge - 2002 - Ethics and International Affairs 19 (1):1-7.
Political Liberalism.J. Rawls - 1995 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 57 (3):596-598.
The Law of Peoples.John Rawls - 1993 - Critical Inquiry 20 (1):36-68.
Responsibility Incorporated.Philip Pettit - 2007 - Ethics 117 (2):171-201.

View all 28 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Distributing States' Duties.Stephanie Collins - 2015 - Journal of Political Philosophy 23 (3):344-366.
Distributing States' Duties.Stephanie Collins - 2016 - Journal of Political Philosophy 24 (3):344-366.

View all 16 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Moral Compromise, Civic Friendship, and Political Reconciliation.Simon Căbulea May - 2011 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 14 (5):581-602.
Corporate Social Responsibility in Developing Countries in a Global Market Economy.Nicholas Capaldi - 2007 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 3:223-229.
Civic Respect, Political Liberalism, and Non-Liberal Societies.Blain Neufeld - 2005 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 4 (3):275-299.
South Africa and the Prospect of Political Liberalism.Stephen De Wijze - 1999 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 2 (3):48-80.
The Essential Nature of Sharing in Science.Michael J. Zigmond - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (4):783-799.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2010-11-30

Total views
64 ( #147,363 of 2,343,879 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #514,299 of 2,343,879 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes