Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 40 (3):281-289 (2008)
The Marburg neo-Kantians argue that Hermann von Helmholtz's empiricist account of the a priori does not account for certain knowledge, since it is based on a psychological phenomenon, trust in the regularities of nature. They argue that Helmholtz's account raises the 'problem of validity' (Gueltigkeitsproblem): how to establish a warranted claim that observed regularities are based on actual relations. I reconstruct Heinrich Hertz's and Ludwig Wittgenstein's Bild theoretic answer to the problem of validity: that scientists and philosophers can depict the necessary a priori constraints on states of affairs in a given system, and can establish whether these relations are actual relations in nature. The analysis of necessity within a system is a lasting contribution of the Bild theory. However, Hertz and Wittgenstein argue that the logical and mathematical sentences of a Bild are rules, tools for constructing relations, and the rules themselves are meaningless outside the theory. Carnap revises the argument for validity by attempting to give semantic rules for translation between frameworks. Russell and Quine object that pragmatics better accounts for the role of a priori reasoning in translating between frameworks. The conclusion of the tale, then, is a partial vindication of Helmholtz's original account.
|Keywords||model models modeling a priori regularity Helmholtz Russell Quine|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Biosemantics.Ruth G. Millikan - 2009 - In Brian P. McLaughlin & Ansgar Beckerman (eds.), Journal of Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 281--297.
A Confutation of Convergent Realism.Larry Laudan - 2002 - In Yuri Balashov & Alexander Rosenberg (eds.), Philosophy of Science: Contemporary Readings. Routledge. pp. 211.
Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology.Rudolf Carnap - 1950 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 4 (11):20--40.
Citations of this work BETA
Maxwell, Helmholtz, and the Unreasonable Effectiveness of the Method of Physical Analogy.Alisa Bokulich - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 50:28-37.
Helmholtz's Kant Revisited . The All-Pervasive Nature of Helmholtz's Struggle with Kant's Anschauung.Liesbet De Kock - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 56:20-32.
Communicative Rationality of the Maxwellian Revolution.Rinat M. Nugayev - 2015 - Foundations of Science 20 (4):447-478.
Similar books and articles
Theory Change, Structural Realism, and the Relativised a Priori.Dan McArthur - 2008 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (1):5 – 20.
On Considering a Possible World as Actual.Robert Stalnaker - 2001 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 75 (75):141-156.
A Priori Knowledge Contextualised and Benacerraf's Dilemma.Maja Malec - 2004 - Acta Analytica 19 (33):31-44.
How to Be a (Sort of) A Priori Physicalist.D. Gene Witmer - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 131 (1):185-225.
The Problems with Double-Indexing Accounts of the a Priori.Michaelis Michael - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 118 (1-2):67-81.
Logical Rules and the a Priori: Good and Bad Questions.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2007 - In Jean-Yves Béziau & Alexandre Costa-Leite (eds.), Perspectives on Universal Logic. pp. 111--122.
Not Too Proud to Beg (the Question): Why Inferentialism Cannot Account for the a Priori.Michael Veber - 2006 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 73 (1):113-131.
A New Definition of A Priori Knowledge: In Search of a Modal Basis.Tuomas E. Tahko - 2008 - Metaphysica 9 (2):57-68.
Added to index2009-08-29
Total downloads121 ( #37,946 of 2,146,956 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #81,884 of 2,146,956 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.