AbstractI argue that scientism in general is best understood as the thesis that the boundaries of the natural sciences should be expanded in order to include academic disciplines or realms of life that are widely considered not to belong to the realm of science. However, every adherent and critic of scientism should make clear which of the many varieties of scientism she adheres to or criticizes. In doing so, she should specify whether she is talking about (a) academic or universal scientism, (b) reductive, methodological, epistemological, ontological, moral, or existential, scientism, (c) full or partial scientism, (d) strong or weak scientism, and (e) in the case of moral and existential scientism: replacement or illusion scientism. The strongest version of scientism one could defend is a conjunction of the following theses: strong full epistemological scientism, strong full ontological scientism, strong full Illusion-moral scientism, strong Illusion-existential scientism, and strong full reductive scientism. After a detailed discussion of each of the main varieties of scientism and their interrelations, the paper provides a conceptual map, consisting of two figures, which displays the main varieties of scientism and the relations that obtain between them, primarily, those of implication and mutual exclusion.
Similar books and articles
Scientism: Philosophy and the Infatuation with Science.Tom Sorell - 1991 - Routledge.
Uwagi o stosunku scjentyzmu do optymizmu poznawczego.Helena Eilstein - 2007 - Filozofia Nauki 4.
Some Logical Problems for Scientism.Christopher M. Brown - 2011 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 85:189-200.
Scientific Images and Their Social Uses: An Introduction to the Concept of Scientism.Iain Cameron - 1979 - Butterworth.
Science, Practice and Mythology: A Definition and Examination of the Implications of Scientism in Medicine. [REVIEW]Michael Loughlin, George Lewith & Torkel Falkenberg - 2013 - Health Care Analysis 21 (2):130-145.
On Realism, Relativism, and Putnam.Hugo Meynell - 1995 - International Philosophical Quarterly 35 (3):331-342.
Scrutinizing Scientism from a Hermeneutic Point of View.Dimitri Ginev - 2013 - Social Epistemology 27 (1):68 - 89.
Is homeopathy really 'morally and ethically unacceptable'? A critique of pure scientism.Lionel Milgrom & Kate Chatfield - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (9):501-503.
Heidegger on Kant on the Alternative to the Scientism of the Enlightenment.Richard Mcdonough - 1997 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 28 (3):236-254.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
The empirical case against introspection.Rik Peels - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (9):2461-2485.
Why Scientific Knowledge Is Still the Best.Moti Mizrahi - 2018 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7 (9):18-32.
Physicalism, not scientism.Alyssa Ney - 2018 - In Jeroen de Ridder, Rik Peels & René van Woudenberg (eds.), Scientism: Prospects and Problems. Oxford University Press.
Science and Scientism in Popular Science Writing.Jeroen De Ridder - 2014 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 3 (12):23–39.
References found in this work
The Structure of Empirical Knowledge.Laurence BonJour - 1985 - Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press.
Responsibility and Control: A Theory of Moral Responsibility.John Martin Fischer & Mark Ravizza - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.