Socrates on virtue and selfknowledge in Alcibiades I and Aeschines' Alcibiades


Abstract
The paper focuses on the concepts of virtue and self-knowledge in Alcibiades I and Aeschines’ Alcibiades, which are marked by striking similarities in the way they discuss these themes and their interconnection. First of all, in both dialogues the notions of ἀμαθία and ἀρετή seem to be connected and both are bound up with the issue of εὐδαιμονία: Socrates points out that ἀρετή is the only source of true εὐδαιμονία and encourages Alcibiades to acquire it, stressing the need for a constant ἐπιμέλεια ἑαυτοῦ. Thus, another common feature is the Socratic exhortation to pursue and achieve moral virtue, which is identified as a form of knowledge. Ultimately, in both accounts the chief means by which to contrast ἀμαθία is found in the care and knowledge of the self. The above arguments are to be considered within the particular frame of the paideutic relationship between Socrates and Alcibiades, which is itself portrayed in similar terms in the two texts. In both dialogues, the relationship is characterized as a form of erotic education and, moreover, Socrates himself links his paideutic activity to divine will. Yet, only in Aeschines’ Alcibiades does this explicitly entail the idea that Socrates transmits virtue without resorting to any τέχνη or ἐπιστήμη. So while in both cases ἀρετή is understood as a kind of knowledge, in Aeschines’ Alcibiades there seems to be a greater tension between this concept of virtue and its modes of transmission, which are “anepistemic”
Keywords Socrates, Alcibiades, virtue, knowledge, paideia
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
DOI 10.14195/1984-249x_12_7
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 38,878
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Eros and Philosophical Seduction in Alcibiades I.Jill Gordon - 2003 - Ancient Philosophy 23 (1):11-30.
De amore: Sócrates y Alcibíades en el Banquete de Platón.Lorena Rojas Parma - 2011 - Areté. Revista de Filosofía 23 (1):159-186.
The Trial of Socrates in Plato's Symposium.Robert Metcalf - 2009 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (1):39-55.
Eros, Paideia E Filosofia: Sócrates Entre Diotima E Alcibíades.Franco Ferrari - 2012 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 9:65-71.
Love as a Problem of Knowledge in Kierkegaard's Either/Or and Plato's Symposium.Ulrika Carlsson - 2010 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 53 (1):41-67.
The Failed Seduction.James M. Ambury - 2013 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (2):257-274.
Olympiodorus and Proclus on the Climax of the Alcibiades.Harold Tarrant - 2007 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 1 (1):3-29.
Eros Tyrannos: Alcibiades as the Model of the Tyrant in Book IX of the Republic.Annie Larivée - 2012 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 6 (1):1-26.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2014-01-28

Total views
19 ( #375,764 of 2,318,360 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
7 ( #170,703 of 2,318,360 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature