Philosophical Studies 142 (3):371 - 386 (2009)
The project of treating knowledge as an empirical object of study has gained popularity in recent naturalistic epistemology. It is argued here that the assumption that such an object of study exists is in tension with other central elements of naturalistic philosophy. Two hypotheses are considered. In the first, “knowledge” is hypothesized to refer to mental states causally responsible for the behaviour of cognitive agents. Here, the relational character of truth creates a problem. In the second hypothesis “knowledge” is hypothesized to refer to mental states causally responsible for the evolutionarily successful behaviour of cognitive agents. Here, the problem lies in the fact that evolution by natural selection is not necessarily conducive to truth. The result does not necessarily amount to eliminativism, however, since the naturalist may consistently reject the condition of truth that lies behind these problems.
|Keywords||Naturalism Naturalistic epistemology Causality Proximate/ultimate Cognitive ethology Truth Reference Eliminativism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Language, Thought and Other Biological Categories.Ruth G. Millikan - 1984 - MIT Press.
Psychosemantics: The Problem of Meaning in the Philosophy of Mind.Jerry A. Fodor - 1987 - MIT Press.
From Folk Psychology to Cognitive Science: The Case Against Belief.Stephen P. Stich - 1983 - MIT Press.
Explaining Behavior: Reasons in a World of Causes.Fred Dretske - 1988 - MIT Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Conceptual Analysis and Natural Kinds: The Case of Knowledge.Joachim Horvath - 2016 - Synthese 193 (1):167-184.
Lies, Damned Lies, and Statistics: An Empirical Investigation of the Concept of Lying.Adam J. Arico & Don Fallis - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (6):790 - 816.
Thought Experiments Without Possible Worlds.Daniel Dohrn - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-22.
Similar books and articles
Naturalism and Our Knowledge of Reality: Testing Religious Truth-Claims.R. Scott Smith - 2011 - Ashgate.
On the Possibility of Naturalistic and of Pure Epistemology.Leila Haaparanta - 1999 - Synthese 118 (1):31-47.
Knowledge, Naturalism, and Cognitive Ethology: Kornblith's Knowledge and its Place in Nature.José Luis Bermúdez - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 127 (2):299 - 316.
Boghossian on Empty Natural Kind Concepts.Tom Stoneham - 1999 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 99 (1):119-22.
Epistemology, Realism, and Truth: The First Philosophical Perspectives Lecture.Ernest Sosa - 1993 - Philosophical Perspectives 7 (1):1-16.
Scientific Realism and Naturalistic Epistemology.Richard Boyd - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:613-662.
Cognitive Faculties and Evolutionary Naturalism.Bernardo Cantens - 2006 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 80:201-208.
Naturalistic Epistemology for Eliminative Materialists.A. Rosenberg - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (2):335-358.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads116 ( #42,369 of 2,171,687 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #36,690 of 2,171,687 )
How can I increase my downloads?