Foundations of Science 6 (1-3):125-161 (2001)

Authors
Markus F. Peschl
University of Vienna
Abstract
This paper addresses the questions concerningthe relationship between scientific andcognitive processes. The fact that both,science and cognition, aim at acquiring somekind of knowledge or representationabout the world is the key for establishing alink between these two domains. It turns outthat the constructivist frameworkrepresents an adequate epistemologicalfoundation for this undertaking, as its focusof interest is on the (constructive)relationship between the world and itsrepresentation. More specifically, it will beshown how cognitive processes and their primaryconcern to construct a representation of theenvironment and to generate functionallyfitting behavior can act as the basis forembedding the activities and dynamics of theprocess of science in them by making use ofconstructivist concepts, such as functionalfitness, structure determinedness, etc.Cognitive science and artificiallife provide the conceptual framework of representational spaces and their interactionbetween each other and with the environmentenabling us to establish this link betweencognitive processes and thedevelopment/dynamics of scientific theories.The concepts of activation, synaptic weight,and genetic (representational) spaces arepowerful tools which can be used asexplanatory vehiclesfor a cognitivefoundation of science, more specifically forthe context of discovery (i.e., thedevelopment, construction, and dynamics ofscientific theories and paradigms).Representational spaces do not only offer us abetter understanding of embedding science incognition, but also show, how theconstructivist framework, both, can act as anadequate epistemological foundation for theseprocesses and can be instantiated by theserepresentational concepts from cognitivescience. The final part of this paper addresses somemore fundamental questions concerning thepositivistic and constructivist understandingof science and human cognition. Among otherthings it is asked, whether a purelyfunctionalist and quantitative view of theworld aiming almost exclusively at itsprediction and control is really satisfying forour intellect (having the goal of achieving aprofound understanding of reality).
Keywords cognitive science  functional fitness  human person  knowledge (representation)  (natural) science  representational space
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2004
DOI 10.1023/A:1011390200250
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,740
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas Samuel Kuhn - 1962 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
The Language of Thought.J. A. Fodor - 1978 - Critica 10 (28):140-143.
Physical Symbol Systems.Allen Newell - 1980 - Cognitive Science 4 (2):135-83.

View all 22 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Machine Discovery.Herbert Simon - 1995 - Foundations of Science 1 (2):171-200.
Physics Develops Unaffected by Constructivism.Helmut Schwegler - 2001 - Foundations of Science 6 (4):241-253.
15 Scientific Cognition as Distributed Cognition.Ronald Giere - 2002 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen P. Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. Cambridge University Press. pp. 285.
Against Constructivism.M. A. Boden - 2010 - Constructivist Foundations 6 (1):84-89.
The Origin of Concepts.Susan Carey - 2009 - Oxford University Press.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
23 ( #480,496 of 2,462,869 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #449,387 of 2,462,869 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes