Axiomathes 24 (4):441-461 (2014)

Authors
Frederic Peters
University of New England (United States)
Abstract
Within the philosophy of mind, consciousness is currently understood as the expression of one or other cognitive modality, either intentionality , transparency , subjectivity or reflexivity . However, neither intentionality, subjectivity nor transparency adequately distinguishes conscious from nonconscious cognition. Consequently, the only genuine index or defining characteristic of consciousness is reflexivity, the capacity for autonoetic or self-referring, self-monitoring awareness. But the identification of reflexivity as the principal index of consciousness raises a major challenge in relation to the cognitive mechanism responsible for operationalizing such a reflexive state. Current reliance by higher-order and intrinsic self-representational theories on self-representing data structures to achieve reflexive self-awareness is highly problematic, suggesting a solution in terms of a self-referential processing regime.
Keywords Consciousness  Subjectivity  Reflexivity  Introspection
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DOI 10.1007/s10516-014-9232-0
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A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness.Bernard J. Baars - 1988 - Cambridge University Press.

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