Natures Sciences Sociétés 28 (1):12-23 (2020)

Abstract
L’article propose un retour réflexif sur une recherche interdisciplinaire et participative relative au changement climatique et à ses impacts en Bourgogne. Dans une nouvelle perspective, les proxys, indices laissés par le climat, pourraient avoir une place dans la construction des connaissances quant aux changements en cours. Les proxys peuvent venir de disciplines comme l’écologie ou des observations ordinaires d’acteurs et de citoyens. Savoirs du quotidien et de la pratique sont riches d’indices sur les changements de l’environnement à relier aux modifications du climat. Savoirs scientifiques et savoirs ordinaires, présentés comme distants, se rejoignent sur le fait que le changement climatique se saisit principalement par des intermédiaires, « par procuration ». Rapprocher le modèle du climat planétaire de savoirs locaux et d’expériences vécues est un levier pour s’adapter localement au changement climatique. Our paper is a reflexive return on an interdisciplinary and participative research program on climate change and its impacts in Burgundy. This work involved the joint participation of researchers in social sciences and in climatology and is also based on exchanges with stakeholders of water resources. To gain knowledge on past climate, scientists use proxies such as tree rings, CO2 levels in ice, dates of grape harvest, etc. We suggest that proxies may find a new place in knowledge construction on current climate change. Climate science can discover in other disciplines such as ecology evidence of recent changes, which represent proxies of climate change. Regular notes on changes recorded by citizens in their daily life environment are also a rich source of proxy indices on climate change; they contribute to knowledge on daily life and practice. Empirical and scientific knowledge, usually reputed to be wide apart, converge on the fact that climate is mainly appraised by proxy indicators. We suggest that connecting knowledges at a local scale will help give insight into climate change. To closely associate the global climate model to local knowledge and real-life experiences is a lever to adapt locally to climate change.
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DOI 10.1051/nss/2020016
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References found in this work BETA

A New Climate for Society.S. Jasanoff - 2010 - Theory, Culture and Society 27 (2-3):233-253.
L’environnement entre science et sens commun.Marc Mormont - 2015 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 23 (2):150-153.

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