Should Neuroscience Inform Judgements of Decision-Making Capacity?

Neuroethics:1-19 (forthcoming)
In this article, I present an argument that suggests neuroscience should inform judgments of decision-making capacity. First, I review key behavioral and neurocognitive data to demonstrate that neuroscientific tests might be predictive of decision-making capacity, and that these tests might inform clinical judgments of capacity. Second, I argue that, consistent with the principles of autonomy and justice, such data should inform judgements of decision-making capacity. While the neuroscience of decision-making capacity still requires time to mature, there is strong reason to believe that neuroscience might assist clinicians in adjudicating difficult cases in the future. This article focuses on the assessment of capacity in brain injury patients who have profound communication impairments, however, the overarching aim of the article is to highlight the potential use of neuroscience to improve our understanding of the relationship between cognition and decision-making capacity.
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DOI 10.1007/s12152-018-9369-4
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Mosaic Decisionmaking and Reemergent Agency After Severe Brain Injury.J. Fins Joseph - forthcoming - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics:1-12.

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