Epistemic Paternalism


Authors
Jalal Peykani
Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract
In this paper, first we attempt to explain the concept of paternalism from the standpoint of political philosophy. Then, restricting debate to epistemology, we will show that paternalism is based on an epistemic claim. Also, we will distinguish certain kind of paternalism as epistemic paternalism, and then will study the manners of actualization and justification of this kind of paternalism. Finally, the view is defend that the epistemic paternalism because of its valuable epistemic consequences will be legitimate if it construct on some certain criterions without postulating epistemic superiority of some people, and if it is accomplished by experts. In this paper, first we attempt to explain the concept of paternalism from the standpoint of political philosophy. Then, restricting debate to epistemology, we will show that paternalism is based on an epistemic claim. Also, we will distinguish certain kind of paternalism as epistemic paternalism, and then will study the manners of actualization and justification of this kind of paternalism. Finally, the view is defend that the epistemic paternalism because of its valuable epistemic consequences will be legitimate if it construct on some certain criterions without postulating epistemic superiority of some people, and if it is accomplished by experts. In this paper, first we attempt to explain the concept of paternalism from the standpoint of political philosophy. Then, restricting debate to epistemology, we will show that paternalism is based on an epistemic claim. Also, we will distinguish certain kind of paternalism as epistemic paternalism, and then will study the manners of actualization and justification of this kind of paternalism. Finally, the view is defend that the epistemic paternalism because of its valuable epistemic consequences will be legitimate if it construct on some certain criterions without postulating epistemic superiority of some people, and if it is accomplished by experts.
Keywords epistemic paternalism   externalism   communication channels   transcendence of epistemic power
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References found in this work BETA

Epistemic Dependence.John Hardwig - 1985 - Journal of Philosophy 82 (7):335-349.
On Liberty.John Stuart Mill, David Bromwich & George Kateb - 1956 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):519-522.
Law, Liberty, and Morality.H. L. A. Hart - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (2):271-274.
Paternalism.John Kleinig - 1985 - Law and Philosophy 4 (1):115-119.

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