David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Mind and Language 26 (1):78-114 (2011)
We propose a view of embodied representations that is alternative to both symbolic/linguistic approaches and purely sensorimotor views of cognition, and can account for procedural and declarative knowledge manipulation. In accordance with recent evidence in cognitive neuroscience and psychology, we argue that anticipatory and simulative mechanisms, which arose during evolution for action control and not for cognition, determined the first form of representational content and were exapted for increasingly sophisticated cognitive uses. In particular, procedural and declarative forms of knowledge can be explained, respectively, in terms of on-line sensorimotor anticipation and off-line simulations of potential actions, which can give access to tacit knowledge and make it explicit. That is, mechanisms that evolved for the on-line prediction of the consequences of one's own actions (i.e. forward models) determine a (procedural) form of representation, and became exapted for off-line use. They can therefore be used to produce (declarative) knowledge of the world, by running a simulation of the action that would produce the relevant information. We conclude by discussing how embodied representations afford a form of internal manipulation that can be described as internalized situated action
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References found in this work BETA
James J. Gibson (1979). The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Houghton Mifflin.
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Citations of this work BETA
Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod (2013). An Integrated Theory of Language Production and Comprehension. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):329-347.
Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod (2013). Forward Models and Their Implications for Production, Comprehension, and Dialogue. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):377-392.
Giovanni Pezzulo (2011). Shared Representations as Coordination Tools for Interaction. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (2):303-333.
Liam P. Dempsey & Itay Shani (2015). Three Misconceptions Concerning Strong Embodiment. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):827-849.
Jonathan T. Delafield-Butt & Colwyn Trevarthen (2015). The Ontogenesis of Narrative: From Moving to Meaning. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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