In G. Kreuzbauer, N. Gratzl & E. Hiebl (eds.), Rhetorische Wissenschaft: Rede Und Argumentation in Theorie Und Praxis. Lit. pp. 225--244 (2008)
This chapter presents a probability logical approach to fallacies. A special interpretation of (subjective) probability is used, which is based on coherence. Coherence provides not only a foundation of probability theory, but also a normative standard of reference for distinguishing fallacious from non-fallacious arguments. The violation of coherence is sufficient for an argument to be fallacious. The inherent uncertainty of everyday life argumentation is captured by attaching degrees of belief to the premises. Probability logic analyzes the structure of the argument and deduces the uncertainty of the conclusion from the premises. The approach is illustrated by prominent examples of fallacies, like the argumentum ad ignorantiam, affirming the consequent and the conjunction fallacy
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Experiments on Nonmonotonic Reasoning. The Coherence of Human Probability Judgments.Niki Pfeifer & G. D. Kleiter - 2002 - In H. Leitgeb & G. Schurz (eds.), Pre-Proceedings of the 1 s T Salzburg Workshop on Paradigms of Cognition.
The Conditional in Mental Probability Logic.Niki Pfeifer & G. D. Kleiter - 2010 - In M. Oaksford & N. Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thought. Oxford University Press. pp. 153--173.
Probability Logic in the Twentieth Century.Theodore Hailperin - 1991 - History and Philosophy of Logic 12 (1):71-110.
Epistemology Quantized: Circumstances in Which We Should Come to Believe in the Everett Interpretation.David Wallace - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (4):655-689.
Mental Probability Logic.Niki Pfeifer & Gernot D. Kleiter - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):98-99.
Chance and Structure: An Essay on the Logical Foundations of Probability.John M. Vickers - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
Towards a Probability Logic Based on Statistical Reasoning.Niki Pfeifer & G. D. Kleiter - 2006 - In Proceedings of the 11 T H Ipmu International Conference (Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Based Systems). pp. 2308--2315.
On the Proximity of the Logical and 'Objective Bayesian' Interpretations of Probability.Darrell P. Rowbottom - 2008 - Erkenntnis 69 (3):335-349.
Added to index2011-04-22
Total downloads34 ( #144,923 of 2,146,892 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #385,700 of 2,146,892 )
How can I increase my downloads?
There are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.