In Gerhard Bos & Marcus Düwell (eds.), Human Rights and Threats concerning Future People: a Sufficientarian Proposal. London: Routledge. pp. 82-94 (2016)

Jos Philips
Utrecht University
Can human rights incorporate future people and their interests, considering all the risks and uncertainties by which these interests are surrounded? Given problems such as climate change, resource depletion and pollution, human rights cannot afford not to be able to do this if they are to remain relevant. On the other hand, taking future people on board may lead to (another) multiplication of human rights claims, and this is hardly good news either. Therefore, an adequate account of how to incorporate the interests of future people into human rights is much needed. It should also tell us about the weight of protecting these interests compared with that of providing other human rights protections. This chapter aims to give the first outlines of such an account. I will call it sufficientarian, because it understands human rights as articulating a ‘threshold of enough’.
Keywords ethics  human rights  future people  uncertainties  Henry Shue  Stephen Gardiner  sufficientarianism
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