Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (1):103-112 (2015)

Authors
Vilius Dranseika
Jagiellonian University
Jan Piasecki
Jagiellonian University Medical College
Abstract
Biomedical research involving human subjects is an arena of conflicts of interests. One of the most important conflicts is between interests of participants and interests of future patients. Legal regulations and ethical guidelines are instruments designed to help find a fair balance between risks and burdens taken by research subjects and development of knowledge and new treatment. There is an universally accepted ethical principle, which states that it is not ethically allowed to sacrifice individual interests for the sake of society and science. This is the principle of precedence of individual. But there is a problem with how to interpret the principle of precedence of individual in the context of research without prospect of future benefit involving children. There are proposals trying to reconcile non-beneficial research involving children with the concept of the best interests. We assert that this reconciliation is flawed and propose an interpretation of the principle of precedence of individual as follows: not all, but only the most important interests of participants, must be guaranteed; this principle should be interpreted as the secure participant standard. In consequence, the issue of permissible risk ceiling becomes ethically crucial in research with incompetent subjects.
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DOI 10.1007/s11019-014-9586-5
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Exploitation.Alan Wertheimer - 1996 - Princeton University Press.
Exploitation.Michael Gorr - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (2):296.

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