In Noretta Koertge (ed.), New Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Thomson Gale (2007)

Authors
Gualtiero Piccinini
University of Missouri, St. Louis
Abstract
Newell was a founder of artificial intelligence and a pioneer in the use of computer simulations in psychology. In collaboration with J. Cliff Shaw and Herbert A. Simon, Newell developed the first list-processing programming language as well as the earliest computer programs for simulating human problem solving. Over a long and prolific career, he contributed to many techniques, such as protocol analysis and heuristic search, that are now part of psychology and computer science. Colleagues remembered Newell for his deep commitment to science, his care for details, and his inexhaustible energy
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