Computation vs. information processing: why their difference matters to cognitive science

Abstract
Since the cognitive revolution, it’s become commonplace that cognition involves both computation and information processing. Is this one claim or two? Is computation the same as information processing? The two terms are often used interchangeably, but this usage masks important differences. In this paper, we distinguish information processing from computation and examine some of their mutual relations, shedding light on the role each can play in a theory of cognition. We recommend that theoristError: Illegal entry in bfrange block in ToUnicode CMapError: Illegal entry in bfrange block in ToUnicode CMapError: Illegal entry in bfrange block in ToUnicode CMapError: Illegal entry in bfrange block in ToUnicode CMaps of cognition be explicit and careful in choosing 1 notions of computation and information and connecting them together. Much confusion can be avoided by doing so. Keywords: computation, information processing, computationalism, computational theory of mind, cognitivism
Keywords computation  information processing  computationalism  computational theory of mind  cognitivism
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DOI 10.1016/j.shpsa.2010.07.012
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References found in this work BETA
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A Mathematical Theory of Communication.Claude Shannon - 1948 - Bell System Technical Journal 27:379–423.
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Is Semantic Information Meaningful Data?Luciano Floridi - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (2):351-370.

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Citations of this work BETA
Structural Representations and the Brain.O. Shagrir - 2012 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (3):519-545.
Successful Visual Epistemic Representation.Agnes Bolinska - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
Brains as Analog-Model Computers.Oron Shagrir - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (3):271-279.
Distributed Cognition in Scientific Contexts.Hyundeuk Cheon - 2014 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 45 (1):23-33.

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