Ethnicities 4 (4):523-544 (2005)
The aim of this article is to present a conceptualization of cultural groups and cultural difference that provides a middle course between the Scylla of essentialism and the Charybdis of reductionism. The method I employ is the social mechanism approach. I argue that cultural groups and cultural difference should be understood as the result of cognitive and social processes of categorization. I describe two such processes in particular: categorization by others and self- categorization. Categorization by others is caused by processes of ascription: the attribution by outsiders of certain characteristics, beliefs, and practices to indi- viduals who share a specific attribute. Self-categorization is caused by processes of inscription and community-building: the adoption of certain beliefs and practices as a result of socialization and enculturation. I therefore shift the focus from groups to categories, and from categories to processes of categorization. I show that this analytical distinction between categorization by others and self-categorization can clarify an ambiguity in dominant debates in contemporary multiculturalism. I conclude by indicating how injustices, commonly associated with multiculturalism, can better be understood as socially generated injustices, and how government should deal with these injustices.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Reparations for Luck Egalitarians.Roland Pierik - 2006 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (3):423–440.
Similar books and articles
Pragmatic Pluralism and American Democracy.H. G. Callaway - 2000 - In R. Tapp (ed.), Multiculturalism: Humanist Perspectives.
The Universal Pretensions of Cultural Rights Arguments.Jeff Spinner‐Halev - 2001 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 4 (2):1-25.
Political Theory and Cultural Diversity.Peter Jones - 1998 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 1 (1):28-62.
Division of Labor, Economic Specialization, and the Evolution of Social Stratification.Robert Boyd & Joseph Henrich - unknown
Domain-Specificity in Folk Biology and Color Categorization: Modularity Versus Global Process.Robert E. MacLaury - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):582-583.
Reframing Social Groups, Closure, and Stabilization in the Social Construction of Technology.Lee Humphreys - 2005 - Social Epistemology 19 (2 & 3):231 – 253.
Multiculturalism and Moral Education: Individual Positioning, Dialogue and Cultural Practice.Andrew Stables - 2005 - Journal of Moral Education 34 (2):185-197.
Why Brian Barry Should Be a Multiculturalist.Joshua Preiss - 2009 - Social Theory and Practice 35 (2):229-249.
Distributive Justice and the Politics of Difference.Kevin Olsen - 2001 - Critical Horizons 2 (1):5-32.
Culture and Diversity in John Stuart Mill's Civic Nation.Jason Tyndal - 2013 - Utilitas 25 (1):96-120.
The Case for Cultural Theory: Reply to Friedman.Richard J. Ellis - 1993 - Critical Review 7 (1):81-128.
Cultural Evolution, Reductionism in the Social Sciences, and Explanatory Pluralism.Jean Lachapelle - 2000 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30 (3):331-361.
Exemptions for Whom? On the Relevant Focus of Egalitarian Concern.Maria Paola Ferretti - 2009 - Res Publica 15 (3):269-287.
Added to index2010-12-03
Total downloads114 ( #42,662 of 2,163,570 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #348,040 of 2,163,570 )
How can I increase my downloads?